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10 Things to do in Cusco


Cusco, also known as Cuzco, was the capital of the Inca Empire and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the Americas. The city was founded in the 11th century by the Killke people and was later conquered by the Incas in the 13th century.

Under the Inca Empire, Cusco became a center of political, religious, and cultural life. The city was built with stone buildings, temples, and terraces, many of which still stand today. The Incas also developed a sophisticated system of roads, which linked Cusco with other major cities in the empire.

In 1532, the Spanish arrived in Peru and began their conquest of the Inca Empire. Cusco was captured by the Spanish in 1533, and the city became the capital of the Spanish colony of Peru.

During the colonial period, the Spanish built many churches and buildings on top of Inca structures, which led to a blending of Inca and Spanish architecture. The city also became an important center of art and education, with the establishment of the University of San Antonio Abad in 1692.

In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain, and Cusco became a part of the newly independent country. Today, Cusco is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a major tourist destination, known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning architecture.

Here are 10 things to do in the city of Cusco:

  1. Visit the Inca ruins: Cusco is surrounded by ancient Inca ruins such as Sacsayhuaman, Q’enqo, Puka Pukara, and Tambomachay. These sites are a must-visit for anyone interested in history and culture.
  2. Explore the historic center: Cusco’s historic center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to many impressive colonial buildings, churches, and plazas.
  3. Walk along the Inca Trail: The Inca Trail is a four-day hike that takes you through the Andes to the ancient city of Machu Picchu. This is one of the most popular hikes in the world and is a great way to experience the beauty of the Andes.
  4. Visit the Cusco Cathedral: This grand cathedral was built in the 16th century and is located in the Plaza de Armas. It is home to many impressive works of art, including a famous painting of the Last Supper.
  5. Shop at the San Pedro Market: This bustling market is a great place to buy souvenirs, sample local food, and experience the vibrant culture of Cusco.
  6. Enjoy the nightlife: Cusco has a vibrant nightlife scene, with many bars and clubs located in the historic center. Many of these venues offer live music and traditional dance performances.
  7. Take a cooking class: Peruvian cuisine is famous for its unique flavors and ingredients. Taking a cooking class in Cusco is a great way to learn more about this delicious cuisine.
  8. Visit the Inka Museum: This museum is home to a large collection of Inca artifacts and offers a fascinating glimpse into the history and culture of the Inca civilization.
  9. Take a day trip to the Sacred Valley: The Sacred Valley is located just outside of Cusco and is home to many beautiful Inca ruins, as well as traditional villages and markets.
  10. Attend a festival: Cusco is home to many colorful festivals throughout the year, including the Inti Raymi (Festival of the Sun) in June and the Cusco Folk Festival in July. These festivals offer a great opportunity to experience the local culture and traditions.

Aditional Travel for your Travel in Cusco

Here is some travel information about Cusco:

  1. Visa requirements: Visitors from many countries can enter Peru without a visa for up to 183 days. However, it’s important to check the visa requirements for your specific country before traveling.
  2. Language: The official languages of Peru are Spanish and Quechua. English is widely spoken in tourist areas, but it’s a good idea to learn some basic Spanish phrases before traveling to Cusco.
  3. Currency: The currency in Peru is the Sol. U.S. dollars are widely accepted in tourist areas, but it’s a good idea to have some local currency on hand for smaller purchases.
  4. Health and safety: Cusco is generally a safe city for tourists, but it’s important to take precautions against theft and pickpocketing. Altitude sickness can be a concern for visitors, as Cusco is located at a high altitude. It’s a good idea to take it easy for the first few days to allow your body to acclimate.
  5. Transportation: Cusco has a good public transportation system, including buses and taxis. However, many visitors prefer to explore the city on foot as many attractions are located within walking distance of the historic center.
  6. Accommodations: Cusco has a wide range of accommodations to suit all budgets, including hotels, hostels, and guesthouses. It’s a good idea to book your accommodations in advance, especially during peak travel season.
  7. Food and drink: Peruvian cuisine is famous for its unique flavors and ingredients. It’s a good idea to try some of the local specialties while in Cusco, such as ceviche, lomo saltado, and pisco sour.
  8. Climate: Cusco has a temperate climate, with temperatures ranging from 45-68°F (7-20°C) depending on the season. The rainy season runs from November to March, while the dry season runs from April to October. It’s a good idea to pack layers, as temperatures can vary widely throughout the day.
  9. Electricity: Peru uses 220V, 60Hz electricity with Type A and Type C outlets. It’s a good idea to bring a universal adapter if you plan to use electronic devices while in Cusco.
  10. Time zone: Cusco is in the Peru Time Zone (PET), which is 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-5).